Rome is often referred to as the “Eternal City” with nearly 3,000 years of rich history
1. Some language possibilities of the origin of the word “Rome” include the Etruscan word rhome, which means “force” or also “river”. Another theory is that the Roma were the daughter of Aeneas, a mythical founder of Rome.
2. Roman doctors had a wide range of surgical tools, including catheters and speculators. Many modern medical terms still have Latin roots. For example, the knee cap is patella, which is Latin for “shallow cap.”
3. Although Rome dates back to 625 BC, the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world is widely regarded as the Byblos in today’s Lebanon to 5000 BC.
4. As a sign of difference togas were worn by free-born Roman men . Ironically, the only women who put on togas were prostitutes. They were not allowed to put on the traditional clothes of Roman women.
5. Fascia, a pack of tied red strips, which often included a bronze ax, symbolized the power and unity of Rome. Italian “fascism” has the name of the phases.
6. On a journey through the Alps to attack Rome at 218 BC, the General of the Cartagena Hannibal lost 14,000 men and 25 elephants. However, it took Roman soldiers 17 years to defeat him.
The Romans were so afraid fot him that Roman parents would tell their children that if they did not behave, Hannibal would come after them.
7. The first university of Rome, La Sapienza (fl. AD 1303), is the largest in Europe and the second largest in the world.
8. The cult of Mithras (spread from India to Persia in Asia Minor in Rome) was popular among Roman soldiers. Mithr was supposed to kill a bull whose blood is the source of energy to the universe. Mithraism has connections with Christianity, with Rome usurping the Metro, supposedly December 25th birthday as Christ’s birthday.
9. Almost 5,000 animals were killed the day when the Colloseum was officially opened . It is estimated that more than 500,000 people and more than one million animals have been killed there during its history,.
10. Called Sextilis at first August was renamed in honor of the Roman Emperor Augustus. January is named after Janus,the Roman god of the beginnings . He had two people – one looks towards the old year, and the other sees the new year. April is from the Latin aperature, which means “to open”, perhaps referring to the opening of the flowers.
11. The Romans had special scavengers for warmth. They will hang the toeges around a round wooden frame, burn them with sulfur burning and press in large double water to clean them.
12. On the Capitoline Hill (one of the Seven Ridge Hills) at noon on April 21 each year, a special ringing called Toll Rings to celebrate the founding of Rome.
13. The Colosseum, initially the (Flavius Amphitheater), took its name from the Latin word colossus, meaning “giant statue”. Nero’s huge statue stood close to the stadium, giving his nickname.
14. After the fall of Rome, Latin continued to various dialects. Later developed in Romanian languages such as Portuguese, Romanian, Italian, French and Spanish. Although not directly connected, the Latin language also significantly influenced the English language.
15. The Roman Emperor Caligula after a sort of military boot tried to make his horse consul. This was the most important thing in the government. He also dressed in women’s clothes, presented himself as a god, had incestuousness.
16.The last Rome’s emperor was Romulus Augustus and he was shot down by Odoaser, the barbarians’ leader.
17. Multiple Roman aqueducts were over 55 meters tall. Their great height not only controls the flow of water but also made it difficult for anyone to steal water and enemies to put poison in it.
18. To die honestly, the defeated gladiator will grasp the thigh of his winner, who will then hold the head or helmet and throw a sword in his neck. To make sure that the gladiator did not invent his death, a servant dressed like Mercury touches him with a warm iron rod, and another servant dressed like Haron will hit him with a hammer.
19. Founder of classical humanism, Petrarch (1304-1374) discovered many manuscripts from ancient Rome. Until the 15th century, Florentine’s modeled their repressed republic of the Roman republic. During the Renaissance, Rome was second only to Florence as the main force of influence.
20. Theories about why Rome fell include political weakness and corruption, immorality, Christian pacifism and superstition, racial interference, class conflict, environmental problems, divided capital (Rome and Constantinople), evil and mass migrations of wild Germans.
Another theory is that water supplied by lead pipes has caused widespread health problems, including brain damage and impaired intelligence. Some scholars speculate that Rome never fell, but only adapted to the changing world.